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by disinfoniacs #69 & #1



In the realm of amateur radio, the concept of a "control operator" is crucial. This individual is responsible for ensuring that radio transmissions are in compliance with regulations and laws. It's important to note that a station, which includes both the radio and the antenna, may never be operated without a designated control operator.

The control operator is the person who actively manages the transmission and reception of radio signals. The location at which this function is performed is known as the amateur station control point.

The station licensee, who holds the legal responsibility for the station, is responsible for designating the control operator. Unless otherwise specified, the station licensee is assumed to be the control operator themselves.

The privileges granted to an operator are determined by the class of license held by the control operator. The control operator is responsible for ensuring that the station is operated within the boundaries of the regulations and frequencies authorized by their license class. At no time may a Technician class licensee be the control operator of a station operating in an exclusive Amateur Extra class operator frequency segment. The control operator and the station licensee are both responsible for following the rules.

It is important to note that even if the equipment being used belongs to another individual, the privileges of the control operator supersede those of the station licensee. It is essential for both the control operator and the station licensee to be aware of their roles and responsibilities and to adhere to the rules and regulations set by the FCC. However, if a control operator is directly overseeing a station such as during a contest, the operators can use the privileges of the control operator.

remote control

The FCC's definition of remote control, as outlined in Part 97 rules, pertains to the ability to operate a station remotely, rather than controlling remote craft. One example of this would be utilizing the internet to operate a station from a distance, such as remotely accessing a ham radio shack located in one's home while away.

The following are required for remote control operation:


The utilization of repeaters in amateur radio is a common practice among new license holders, as it allows for the extension of communication range by relaying signals from high-elevation locations such as tall buildings, towers and mountaintops.

These repeater stations simultaneously retransmit the signals of an amateur station on a different channel or channels and typically operate within the VHF and UHF bands to provide for wide area coverage within a city or county. It is important to note that repeater operation is conducted automatically, without the need for direct human intervention—this is called automatic control. However, the control operator of the originating station is held responsible for ensuring that communications relayed through the repeater comply with FCC regulations. It is crucial to exercise caution and adhere to the rules when utilizing repeater stations in your communications.

In short, repeater, auxiliary or space stations can automatically retransmit the signals of other amateur stations.


Take study test for T1 on hamstudy.org until you consistently score at least 85%.

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